The Union Cabinet has approved the ‘National Education Policy 2020’, which paves way for transformational reforms in the educational sector. It is the first of its education policy after 1992, The previous education policy which was framed in 1986 was revised in 1992 and no revisions were made from then onwards. With this policy several changes will be made for school and college level education. The cabinet also approved the renaming of the Ministry of Human Resource as “Ministry of Education”.
Some of the Key changes are:
There will be restructuring of undergraduate programs where 4 year undergraduate programmes to be started, multiple entry and exit options will be included.
There will be no more separation or differentiation between academic, vocational, and extra-curricular areas.
All the courses under graduation, postgraduate and PhD levels will be interdisciplinary.
MPhil will no longer be available under the new policy.
A Single Regulatory body will govern all the higher education institutions except medical and law colleges.
The medium of teaching upto class 5 will be in regional language or mother tongue.
Vocational education will be in effect from class 6. While core concepts will be given high priority.
Both private and public higher educational institutions will be governed by common norms.
Common entrance exams will be held for admissions into universities and higher education institutions.
Extension of Right to Education Act 2009 is proposed in order to include children from age 3 to 18.
New Education policy to reduce the syllabus load and also the report card will no more be a statement of marks, instead it will be a comprehensive report on skills and capabilities.
New school curriculum with 5+3+3+4 to be inculcated.
National Assessment Centre- PARAKH is created to assess the students.
National Educational Policy also aims to increase Gross Enrollment Ratio in higher education including vocational education to 50% by 2035.
Higher educational curriculum to have flexibility in subjects.
To facilitate the transfer of credits an ‘Academic Bank of Credits’, will be established.
Overall the NEP aims to include 21st century skills to transform education into a knowledge superpower by providing education along with skills that meet the global standards.
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